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PCB Contamination in Icelandic Orcas Due To Diet: Study

Orcas are one of the most intelligent and misunderstood predators in the world. Displaying that impressive dolphin intelligence, they were staples in ocean shows across the world where they performed stunts for large crowds. This increased captive populations and led to more orca human interactions. This unfavorable scenario earned

The Evolutionary Survival of Coral Reefs

A recently released 2020 scientific paper has identified key evolutionary traits among Scleratinian coral species, which have allowed them to survive Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) mass extinction event. The researchers then went one step further and compared these traits among modern species and their status on the IUCN Red List of

Marine Life Spotlight: Sea Turtles

Regarded as the easy-going, patient, and wise, sea turtles are an emblem of longevity and stability across many of the world’s cultures. Native American folklore declares that the Great Spirit created their homeland by placing the earth on the back of a giant sea turtle. In other mythological fables,

The Importance of Seagrass Meadows to Marine Life

Seagrass meadows are undeniably important in our oceans. Seagrass meadows are one of the most endangered and underappreciated ecosystems on the planet. These apparently innocuous aquatic flowering plants play a critical role in maintaining the health of our oceans and providing shelter for a diverse range of marine life.

How Probiotics Could Help Prevent Coral Bleaching

Conservationists and the general public alike are becoming increasingly aware of coral bleaching and the negative impact it has on the marine ecosystem. This natural phenomenon has been studied and in the past decade, several discoveries have shed light on the factors that trigger it and possible measures we

How The Ocean Could Cure Cancer

Coral reefs are valued for their beauty, tourism value, and ecosystem services, such as nursery provision for fish and barriers against storm damage, and are one of the most diverse habitats on earth. Recently, coral reefs have also been described as “the medicine cabinets of the 21st century” due

The Roles Of Pigments In Reef-building Corals

Coral reefs aren’t just known for the amazingly colorful fish that inhabit them, but also for the beautiful colors of the corals themselves. The colors of the coral don’t just come from the corals alone, but from the combination of the colors of the corals and the little microalgae,

Plastic – A Novel Cause Of Diseases In Coral Reefs

Fabrics, storage containers, carrier bags and even airplanes – plastics have revolutionized our lives since the mass production of plastic polymers began in the 20th century. It is estimated that 9.1 billion tons of plastic was produced worldwide between 1950 and 2015, with only 10% of global production being

The Truth About Shark Finning

Shark finning is the practice of removing a shark’s fins when it is still alive. The fins are mainly sold for use in shark fin soup, an East Asian dish synonymous with luxury and celebration. In reality, the practice of shark finning leaves nothing to celebrate. Shark Finning By

Where Are The Turtles?

Six of the seven recognized turtle species are classified as vulnerable to extinction, threatened, or critically endangered. The population status of the seventh species, the flatback turtle, is unknown due to a lack of data. A variety of human actions have harmed the turtle’s ecosystems and placed its future

Whale Sharks Can Heal Wounds, Regrow Fins: Study

Whale Sharks are the world’s largest fish. Adored by millions due to their popularity in famous aquariums across the globe, the magnificent whale shark is an endangered species of fish that has held our fascination for a long time.  The unique name that sets them apart is derived from

Fish Personality Test: Way a Fish Swims Reveals A Lot

We’ve all spent long lazy afternoons answering questions that could help identify our personality type. Popular social media sites are filled with quizzes and questionnaires that help you figure out why you are the way you are. We have engaged in long-standing debates about if animals have personalities and

What Would Happen If There Were No More Coral Reefs?

As more and more climate change impacts are being witnessed – from hurricanes increasing in frequency and intensity to ice caps melting over Greenland – the world is beginning to pay more attention to climate change and realize the severity of the situation. Not only are individual species disappearing

Importance Of Mapping Threats To Coral Reefs

Coral reefs are among the most productive and biodiverse ecosystems on earth. They are important habitat, spawning and breeding grounds for many important marine species, both fish and invertebrate species. Humans rely on coral reefs for many resources, such as seafood and new medicines, as well as a number

How Do Invertebrates Rely On Coral Reefs?

Coral reefs are widely known for their incredible biodiversity and species richness. While many people associate coral reefs with their incredible fish diversity, the majority of species on coral reefs are actually invertebrates! What Is An Invertebrate? An invertebrate is an animal that does not have a vertebral column,

How Sustainable Farming Impacts Coral Reef Conservation

Agriculture is the world’s largest industry, and employs more than one billion people annually, generating approximately $1.3 trillion worth of food. Agricultural practices like pastures and crops occupy 50% of the Earth’s habitable surface. It is therefore important that farming practices are sustainable, to ensure the continued provision of

What Is Coral IVF and How Does It Help Reef Conservation?

Coral reefs offer marine protection for communities, fish sanctuary and millions of dollars in conservation and tourism, among other benefits. Yet corals are also seriously endangered by increasingly deteriorating environmental conditions. Learn how Coral IVF is aiming to preserve these ecologically important ecosystems. Why Do We Need Coral Reef

Why Are Corals Crucial to Fish?

Our aim is to raise awareness of coral reefs and the threats they face. Coral reefs are bleaching and dying, and therefore so many delicate and diverse ecosystems around the world are under threat. But, in order to fully understand how significant this is, we need to understand the

Will Coral Gardening Save Coral Reefs?

Coral reefs are dying. The beautiful ecosystems that took thousands of years to grow and expand are being quickly killed by the actions of humanity. They are dying because of bleaching, which is directly linked to global warming and pollution.  Mass coral bleaching events are occurring more and more

How Does Sunscreen Impact Coral Reefs?

Sunscreen is super important when we are wanting to go out in the sun. It reduces UV exposure and lowers the risk of skin cancer and damage. However, did you know that some sunscreen can actually damage coral reefs?  In this article, we will look at the effects of

How Does Plastic Pollution Impact Coral Reefs?

It is not a surprise that plastic is harmful to our marine ecosystems. According to the United Nations Environment, between 60% and 80% of the rubbish in our oceans is plastic. Furthermore, it impacts over 800 aquatic animals. Whilst floating plastic, such as those seen in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, are estimated to only

How Old Are Coral Reefs?

We wish to support conservation organizations and spread the word about how we need to act now in order to save our coral reefs. They are under a huge amount of threat, with mass coral bleaching events occurring regularly, and reefs all across the globe dying.  We are at

What Is Coral Restoration?

Coral reefs have been in existence for millions of years; they are an intricate ecosystem and home to countless species of aquatic organisms. Their life is vital to the health and sustainability of the aquatic environment, which in turn directly influences our own well-being. Unfortunately, these magical marine communities

The Importance Of Sustainable Fishing For Coral Reefs

Seafood is a major source of animal protein for the people and communities in the Coral Triangle region, the world’s tropical coral reef hot spot. However, the gap between the fish required for food security and the sustainable fishing harvests from coastal fisheries is growing.  Sustainable fishing is crucial

Can We Outplant Staghorn Corals?

A new study that was recently conducted tested how well staghorn coral skeletons withstand the forces of nature and humans. This gives us information about how we need to keep this species of coral safe, and how to transplant coral into the wild. So, what did the team of

What Are The Main Threats To Coral Reefs?

Coral reef ecosystems are being damaged all over the world through a number of direct and indirect anthropogenic (i.e. human) threats, including coral bleaching, coral disease, coral predator outbreaks, ship groundings, and anchor damage, destructive fishing, and land-based runoff or sedimentation.  Almost 50% of all coral reefs are experiencing

How Is eDNA Revolutionising Coral Conservation?

For many years underwater visual surveys have been widely used to survey coral reef ecosystems across the world, and have been crucial in many coral reef monitoring programs. The drawbacks of using visual surveys are that they generally need to be conducted using SCUBA, which makes them time-consuming, logistically

How Do Corals Help Flood Mitigation?

In 2019, the U.S. Geological Survey published a detailed study into the economic value of coral reefs in the United States. The results were incredible. The study found that coral reefs provide natural flood protection to more than 18,000 people, which contributed an estimated value of $1.8 billion worth

What Happens To A Reef During A Heatwave?

Coral bleaching is caused by global warming, which causes corals to expel essential algae that live in their tissues, resulting in the death of these species. Now, scientists have identified a much more lethal threat, marine heatwaves. These heat waves kill corals even faster than previously believed according to